Within the framework of a joint project between Russia and Germany, ICARUS, the first studies on remote tracking of birds were carried out.
The aim of the project is to monitor the migration of animals on the planet.
According to the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation, the technical part of the project is being carried out by the Rocket and Space Corporation Energia named after S.P. Korolev and SpaceTech GmbH (Germany) on the basis of an agreement between the State Corporation for Space Activities (Roscosmos) and the German Center for Aviation and Space (DLR).
“The ICARUS system transmitters weigh only five grams, they are half a matchbox in size, with a solar battery and two antennas - GPS and for transmitting data to the ISS,” says Olga Kulikova.
Scientists expect to receive the first data from the study at the end of September. The peculiarity of ICARUS tags is that they will be able to transmit data no earlier than the birds cross the 55-parallel. The data will go to the antenna installed on the Russian module of the ISS, and then to the ground station, after which it will be available to researchers, the report said.