Birds listed in the Red Book found in Norilsk
The Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (SB RAS) conducted a scientific expedition to the Norilsk industrial region, where seven species of birds listed in the Red Book were found, as reported by TASS.
Rare species such as whooper swan and white-tailed eagle have been seen in the area of significant industrial impact, said the agency.
"During the work on the territory of the Norilsk Division, four species listed in the Red Book of the Krasnoyarsk Territory were observed: whooper swan, white-tailed eagle, peregrine falcon and gyrfalcon, as well as three golden plovers, black-throated diver and bean goose (this list also includes white-tailed eagles, peregrine falcons and gyrfalcons)," the agency cited an excerpt from the report of the biodiversity research expedition.
18 whooper swans were found in the zone of significant industrial impact, in the Talnakh district of the city of Norilsk, and 34 individuals were counted in the zone of medium impact in the village of Valek. In the zone of insignificant industrial impact in the village of Nadezhda, 16 individuals were found, and two individuals lived near the Alykel airport. Two individuals of the bean goose were also found there.Two white-tailed eagles were encountered in the zone of significant industrial impact of the Norilsk region of Talnakh, the agency reports.
In the zone of insignificant industrial impact in the Norilsk region of Kayerkan and the village of Nadezhda in the river area, as well as on the Dudinka-Alykel highway, two individuals of golden plover were observed. Black-throated loons - in zones of medium and low industrial impact in the city of Dudinka, in the Norilsk district of Kayerkan, as well as in the zone of significant industrial impact in the village of Valek, within the boundaries of Norilsk.
It is worth noting that white-tailed eagles, plovers, peregrine falcons, gyrfalcons and black-throated loons were found near the industrial sites of Norilsk Nickel gas deposits located on the left bank of the Yenisei River.
Research of biosystems was carried out at 41 test sites on the Taimyr Peninsula, including those in the vicinity of Dudinka, Kayerkan, Norilsk, Talnakh, located at different distances from the Norilsk Nickel enterprises in the expected areas with varying degrees of impact.
Norilsk Nickel and the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences began biodiversity research in 2020 as part of the Great Norilsk Expedition. Currently, research is being carried out in three regions. The purpose of the current study is to determine the areas of influence of the company and assess the state of biodiversity of ecosystems in the regions where Norilsk Nickel operates. The research will form the basis of the corporate system for managing the impact on biodiversity and the development of programs for its conservation and monitoring.
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