The Caucasian Reserve summed up the results of its activities in 2021. Last year, the flow of tourists to the reserve increased by 200 thousand people, up to 539 thousand tourists, as reported on the website of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation.
“Great demand among tourists also entails great responsibility. Especially in terms of preserving the unique nature.
To do this, it is necessary to revise the approach to organizing conditions for tourists, to invest more efforts in the modernization and improvement of tourist sites, recreation sites, and recreational facilities. There is everything for this - both resources and desire. We have already worked out a single style for the construction of alpine houses in tourist camps. It is also necessary to create conditions for the caretakers - this practice - the main ones in the shelters - will be continued next year, ”- said the director of the Caucasian nature reserve Sergei Shevelev.
Tourists showed particular interest in the South Cultures dendrological park (the growth of tourists by more than 100% compared to 2020) and in the Yew-boxwood grove (more than 90% growth).
The demand for multi-day routes around the reserve turned out to be stable. In 2021, about 80 thousand people visited summer hikes on the routes of the reserve (in 2020 - 73 thousand), the ministry said.
Over the past year, a number of works have been carried out in the reserve to improve the infrastructure: a bridge appeared on the road to the Pslukh cordon in Krasnaya Polyana, a bridge across the Molchepa river to the Guzeripl cordon was repaired in Adygea.
In addition comprehensive surveys were carried out in the park "Yuzhnye Kultury" in the past year, which will continue over the course of 5 years. In 2021, the park entered the invertebrate monitoring program.
In 2021, two significant anniversaries were celebrated in the Caucasian Reserve: the 90th anniversary of the Yew-boxwood grove and the 85th anniversary of the legendary “Thirty” - the route “Through the mountains to the sea”.
During the last year, 4 animal census were carried out: a winter aerial census of bison, a census of alpine ungulates and a bear - in June, a census of bison in breeding gatherings in July, and a census of deer for roaring - in September-October.
Previously obtained data on the number of rounds (2600), chamois (1300), bison (1200), red deer (1900) and bears (360) were confirmed. Since 2019, there has been a stabilization of the population of all these species, which confirms the hypothesis that they have achieved the current natural capacity of the environment.
The Caucasian Reserve (with an area of over 280,000 hectares) has the status of a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site and is the largest mountain-forest reserve in Europe.