Researchers study the impact of climate change and human activities on polar ecosystems

Researchers study the impact of climate change and human activities on polar ecosystems

Clean Arctic  

The researchers characterized and photographed the landscapes, analyzed the general geochemical situation, described the soil profiles and selected samples for laboratory study, the Russian Ministry of Natural Resources reported on its website.

“The global goal of the expedition is to detail and update fragments of the sections of the state soil map of I.S. Mikhailov on the Russian Arctic. The results of the study will also allow us to assess the impact of global climate change and anthropogenic activities on the level of productivity and the rate of transformation of terrestrial ecosystems in the Arctic,” the Ministry of Natural Resourcessaid quoted a researcher at the V.V. Dokuchaev Soil Institute Dmitry Nikitin as saying.

Another goal is to create a collection of microorganism strains capable of degrading petroleum products in polar climate conditions. According to Nikitin, this can serve as a good foundation for further work on the creation of biological products for cleaning the Arctic landscapes from oil products.

“In addition, the collection will allow screening (selection) of polar strains of microorganisms capable of synthesizing new antibiotics necessary for the treatment of acute infectious diseases,” he said.

The director of the Russian Arctic National Park, Alexander Kirilov, noted that the soil is a product of the interaction of climate, relief, organisms, dense and loose rocks, one of the complex and multifunctional systems known on Earth, and its study is necessary to understand the processes in the Arctic.

“The relevance of such studies is growing due to the raising response of polar ecosystems to global climate change. A lot of work needs to be done in order to compile a complete picture of the structure of the soil cover of the Franz Josef Land archipelago,” the Ministry of Natural Resources quotes Kirilov as saying.

The research in the national park was carried out as part of the second voyage of the Arctic Floating University 2022 expedition.

# Russia
The Federation Council of the RF to summarize the results of the Clean Arctic environmental campaign
The results of the environmental campaign "Clean Arctic" will be summed up this year in the Federation Council, Senator from the Komi Republic Elena Zlenko said
Volunteers in Norilsk expect to collect 2,500 tons of scrap metal by the end of October
Large-scale cleaning is taking place as part of the Clean Arctic project in the industrial area on the banks of the Shchuchya River
The ownerless ship "Dnepr" in the bay of Tiksi can be disposed of by volunteers of "Clean Arctic"
Timely dismantling will help to avoid the destruction of the vessel, which can lead to pollution of the bay with oil products
Ice-resistant self-propelled platform "North Pole" will allow scientists to study the Arctic in comfort
The unique comfortable floating hotel, equipped with the latest technology, has already set off on its first voyage
The system of municipal solid waste management in the Arctic must be organized in a special way
Such a conclusion was made by the participants of the round table on waste management in the regions of the Arctic zone
International cooperation in the Arctic must go beyond geopolitics - experts
Such conclusions were reached by the participants of the sessions of the Think Arctic - Think Global project, which took place as part of the Eastern Economic Forum